Numerous factors have contributed to the negative impact of the World Food Demand in Africa. It is necessary, however, that I first summarize the key issues impacting food demand. land acquisition consultancy
Factors such as population growth, increased demand in more useful resource intensive food and the impact of petroleum prices have conspired in creating the food crises
Whilst food production increased by 1 to 2 every cent in 2008 it was outpaced with a 4 per cent human population growth and the pattern has not changed. Likewise the gradual change in diet by so-called recently prosperous populations is viewed by some as the main factor underpinning the surge in global food turmoil.
We also have the problem where the rise in the price of essential oil has heightened the costs of fertilizers in some instances doubling the purchase price within the six months before April 2008.
Financial rumours including indiscriminate lending and real estate speculation triggered a crises two years ago, eroding investment in food commodities. This is coupled with the impact of trade liberalisation, containing ensured that many growing countries have gone from being food independent to being net food adding economies because the 1980s. The african continent and other countries are also after some time losing away through the use of food crops for producing bio fuels with maize like a good example as well as producing huge amounts of food plants for export rather than local consumption. This really is further motivated by the financial assistance on bio fuel by the United States and the EU.
The problem as you can see is not necessarily an African creation but more of the effect of globalisation. The global food crisis has renewed cell phone calls for the removal of distorting agricultural subsidies in developed countries. Support to farmers in OECD countries totals 280 billion UNITED STATES DOLLAR annually, which compares to official development assistance of just 80 billion $ in 2004, and plantation support distorts food prices leading to higher global food prices, according to OECD estimates.
There is the issue of an altered global rice market – Japan will import more than 767, 000 soucis of rice annually from the United States, Asia, and other countries scheduled to WTO rules. This can be despite the fact that Japan produces over 75 per cent of home rice consumption needs with 11 million tonnes made in 2005 while almost eight. 7 million tonnes were consumed in 2003-2004 period. Japan was not allowed to re-export this hemp to other countries without approval, but it seems as if this challenge is now being addressed.
Is it possible to assume that this rice is usually still left to rot and then used for animal give food to?
You may call it climate change, but significant crop shortfalls have emanated from natural disasters. A number of distinct weather and climate-related incidents have caused major disruptions in crop development within the previous few of years. This has also led to ground and productivity losses as large areas of croplands are lost year after year, due mainly to soil erosion, water exhaustion and urbanisation.
Issues of large scale land buy
Large-scale acquisition of land is now an issue influencing the availability of land for the development of food crops for local consumption. According to an estimate from the World Food Policy Research Start IFPRI, between 15 and 20 million hectares of farmland in developing countries have been subject to transactions or negotiations including foreign investors since 06\.